The Covid-19 pandemic has become a global economic and social crisis in record time. It dramatically shows the interdependence of the three pillars of sustainable development: the environment, the social and the economic, and the urgency of basing post-crisis development, especially for economic actors, on sustainable and responsible development inspired by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)[1].

Today, it is difficult to put a figure on the amount of subsidies disbursed by each level of the regional division, from Europe to the commune. But the sums disbursed seem to have been lost (not for all) in the administrative layers of our societies. The amounts announced are considerable and by trying to evaluate the transformations targeted by this manna, the citizen in his daily observation would be entitled to hope for results that would exceed the announcement effect.

The level of economic disaster and the global awareness justify the investments, but the success of these efforts is conditioned by the proper consideration of the SDGs.

At the same time, the public and private budgets of those who work on the land are being cut, as the economy is forced to do so; the economic equation leaves our farmers with at best the prospect of survival. The payment of the Environmental Services2 they render is not effective. The cumbersome nature and cost of virtuous certification, as well as the lack of payment for ES, are killing the viability of small projects that bring about ecological, social and economic development in the territories. Agro-environmental measures (territorial or climatic MAE) are a recognized failure.

1] ODD: the GLOBAL COMPACT initiative sponsored by the United Nations, which defines 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and an accompanying program for 2030.

2] Environmental Services or ES: The services rendered “are all the goods and services that humans can obtain from ecosystems, directly or indirectly, to ensure their well-being. More precisely, these are the benefits that we can enjoy because of the functioning of ecosystems and associated natural processes. This concept allows us to emphasize the usefulness of nature for humans as well as their dependence on the functioning of ecosystems. ” (IUCN, 2014).

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